Note: Burtynsky trained in photography at Ryerson Polytechnical Institute, Toronto in the 1970s. In 1981 Burtynsky photographed coal mines in Frackville, Pennsylvania, United States. In 1983 Burtynsky photographed in Georgian Bay, Ontario. He also photographed homesteads in British Columbia, Canada and Montana, United States. In the early 1980s, Burtynsky photographed mines in Utah and Montana, United States, and in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. In 1985 Burtynsky established Toronto Image Works, a darkroom rental facility, custom lab and photography gallery. In the same year he photographed rail cuts in British Columbia. Canadian landscape photographer. Canadian photographer, Toronto.