Bowdoin College Museum of Art

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Raphael (Raffaello Santi)

 
Raphael

Renaissance Italian painter and architect
(Urbino, Italy, 1483 - 1520, Rome, Italy)

Note: Famed and influential Renaissance painter, noted for paintings of great beauty and harmony. His work epitomized Renaissance ideals of balance and ideal forms. His later works exhibit an interest in movement and emotion in narratives. He is best known for religious subjects, portraits, and historical scenes. He died young, at age 37. He was born 26 or 20 March 1483, and died 6 April 1520. He was trained as a painter; he entered the workshop of Perugino in Peugia ca. 1500. He went to Florence in 1504 and to Rome probably in 1508. In 1514, Raphael was appointed "magister operis" in charge of the building of St. Peter's. In the six subsequent years, until his death in 1520, he directed for Pope Leo X some of the main works in Rome, including the Vatican Palace (1514-1515) and the Villa Madama (from 1518), and carried on architectural activity for various patrons.

17 objects

Copy from Donatello's "Miracle of the Miser's Heart"

ca.1505-1520
pen and brown ink on laid paper
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1811.6.a.&.b
 

Standing Prophet and Other Studies (a&b)

1483-1520
red chalk on paper
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1811.48.a.&.b
 

Death of Ananias

1518
woodcut on paper
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1811.72
 

Virgin and Child with St. Elizabeth and St. John

n.d.
oil on canvas
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1813.9
 

History of Psyche

1589-1647
engraving on paper
Bequest of Charles Potter Kling
1935.314.1
 

History of Psyche

1589-1647
engraving on paper
Bequest of Charles Potter Kling
1935.314.2
 

Joanna, Queen of Aragon

1758-1833
engraving on paper
Gift of Miss Susan Dwight Bliss
1956.24.341
 

Psyche Opening the Box of Beauty

1532-1533
engraving on paper
Gift of David P. Becker, Class of 1970
1987.13
 

Saint Cecilia

1670-1711
etching and engraving on paper
Gift of James A. Bergquist
1998.26
 

The Dispute on the Holy Sacrament (after Raphael)

1552
engraving on paper
Gift of Judith Keenan
2007.22.17
 

The Annunciation (The Early Life of the Virgin, pl. 1)

1594
engraving on cream laid paper
Gift of Charles Pendexter
2009.16.339
 

Jesus Dining in the Home of Simon the Pharisee, after Raphael

n.d.
color woodcut in three shades of greenish brown on cream laid paper
Gift of Charles Pendexter
2009.16.693
 

Jupiter and Eros, after Raphael

ca. 1517-1520
engraving on cream antique laid paper
Bequest of David P. Becker, Class of 1970
2011.69.321
 

Copy from Donatello's "Miracle of the Miser's Heart" (recto)

ca.1505-1520
pen and brown ink on paper
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1811.6.a
 

Copy from Donatello's "Miracle of the Miser's Heart" (verso)

ca.1505-1520
pen and brown ink on paper
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1811.6.b
 

Standing Prophet and Other Studies (a&b)

1483-1520
red chalk on paper
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1811.48.a
 

Standing Prophet and Other Studies (verso)

1483-1520
red chalk on paper
Bequest of the Honorable James Bowdoin III
1811.48.b