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Preview image of work. terracotta,  Trefoil Oenochoe 1316

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Trefoil Oenochoe

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Artist Unidentified


Trefoil Oenochoe

Creation Date

775 BCE-750 BCE


8th century BCE


9 5/16 in. x 3 1/16 in. x 3 7/16 in. (23.7 cm. x 7.7 cm. x 8.8 cm.)

Object Type


Creation Place

Ancient Mediterranean, Greece

Medium and Support


Credit Line

Gift of Edward Perry Warren, Esq., Honorary Degree, 1926


Public Domain

Accession Number


From religion and myth to combat, sport, and transportation, the horse figured prominently in ancient Mediterranean culture and art. Horses were among the earliest subjects explored by Greek artists and remained the most commonly depicted animal in vase painting and sculpture. Artists admired them as symbols of wealth, power, and prestige, but also understood their role as treasured companions of humans, heroes, and the gods. Representations of horses created during the Geometric period of the eighth century BCE document the connection between painting and sculpture. Early sculptures of horses, in profile, mimic closely the painted silhouettes of the animals as if the artist had pulled the form into a three-dimensional shape. In the ensuing centuries, as seen in the examples displayed here, more natural-looking forms were developed and the figure of the horse was appreciated from all sides.

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